Throughout the year, the National Cotton Council was very persistent in seeking congressional support for much-needed disaster and recovery assistance.
How did the NCC push for this?
■ Recognizing the critical need for timely assistance for those who were devastated by Hurricanes Florence, Michael and other natural disasters in 2018 and early 2019, the NCC worked closely with Cotton Belt congressional members’ offices week in and week out.
Specifically, the NCC worked with a coalition of other agricultural groups. The coalition sent letters early in the year to Reps. Sanford Bishop (D-GA) and Austin Scott (R-GA) in support of their amendment to House-approved legislation that ensured about $3 billion would be appropriated into U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Wildfires and Hurricanes Indemnity Program.
Later, the NCC, American Farm Bureau Federation and Farm Credit Council coordinated a letter from 135 organizations to the president and congressional leadership urging them to reach consensus for enacting a disaster assistance bill. That letter’s signatories also included state and regional cotton organizations, state farm bureaus, local farm credit associations, community bankers, and other farm and commodity organizations.
What relief does the legislation contain?
■ Crops, including cotton, are covered in the package’s $3 billion for losses in 2018 and 2019. Among causes of loss covered are: Hurricanes Michael and Florence, other hurricanes, floods and tornadoes. Crop losses for 2017 will be covered by a program like the Wildfires and Hurricanes Indemnity Program developed by the USDA.
The bill requires the coverage levels through WHIP that are based on crop insurance coverage levels to not exceed 90% of the losses for producers who had crop insurance coverage and to not exceed 70% of losses for producers who did not have crop insurance coverage.
Producers who receive assistance must purchase crop insurance, if available, for the next two available crop years. For determining crop losses covered by WHIP, USDA will use the higher of the projected or harvest price for crop insurance in determining the expected value of the crop, if there is a revenue insurance policy available for the crop.
It does not require that the grower had to purchase a revenue policy, only that one was offered for the crop. Also, WHIP 2017 now will cover losses from Tropical Storm Cindy in 2017.The bill also covers a portion of losses from prevented planting by building upon what assistance is provided through crop insurance prevented planting coverage. USDA is working to implement the program as quickly as possible with a sign-up period for producers potentially beginning in late summer.
Which lawmakers were instrumental in the legislation’s passage?
■ Thanks go to Senate Appropriations Committee Chairman Richard Shelby (R-AL) and Sens. David Perdue (R-GA),
Johnny Isakson (R-GA), Doug Jones (D-AL), Thom Tillis (R-NC), Richard Burr (R-NC), Lindsay Graham (R-SC), Tim Scott (R-SC and John Hoeven (R-ND), who chairs the Senate Appropriations Committee’s Agriculture Subcommittee.
In the House, key supporters included Reps. Bishop, who chairs the House Appropriations Committee’s Agriculture Subcommittee, and Scott (R-GA), along with Reps. Rick Allen (R-GA), Martha Roby (R-AL), Neal Dunn (R-FL), David Rouzer (R-NC), James Clyburn (D-SC) and Tom Rice (R-SC).
Gary Adams is president/CEO of the National Cotton Council of America. He and other NCC leaders contribute columns on this Cotton Farming page.